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What is the estimated amount of plastic used in all parties or events and kid’s parties in the United States and globally?

May 05,2020 by Mhojhos Research, Art. 1

Total amount of plastic used or generated

United States

In 2018, the total amount of plastic waste generated in the U.S. likely rose to about 39.9 million tons, based on a growth rate of 5%. In 2017, plastics generation was 35.4 million tons in the United States


Global


Annually, the world consumes about 335 million metric tonnes (339 million tons) of all types of plastics and roughly 50% of these are used for single-use only. The main cause for the increase in plastic production is plastic packaging. Plastic packaging was 42% of all non-fiber plastic produced, and it also made up 52% of plastics thrown away.

Estimated amount of plastic used on any parties in the United States


Relevant statistics:
● About 63 Pounds of plastic packaging, per person, that end up in landfills in the United States every year.
● According to a latest survey conducted for how parties are handled in US households, respondent claims that on average, their family hosted at least 3 parties per year with an average attendance of 20.
● The current population in the United States is now at 330.45 million and the total number of households is at 128.58 million .


[Calculations]


To estimate the average plastic wastes per person per day in the US, we will utilize the total plastic wastes and since party plastics are considered single-use only, we will multiply the figure
by 50% .

Average total plastic wastes per person per day
= ((39.9 million tons / 330.45 million population) / 365 days) * 50%
= 0.000165 per person per day

Estimated amount of plastic wastes generated from parties per household per year
= 0.000165 tons of plastic wastes * 20 participants * 3 parties
= 0.00992 tons

Estimated amount of plastic generated from parties from all households per year
= 0.00992 tons * 128.58 million
= 1.276 million tons of plastic wastes on all parties

Percentage share of plastics wastes generated from parties against total plastic consumption
= (1.276 million tons / 39.9 million tons) * 100
= 3.20%

Assuming that of the average 3 parties per household in the United States, 1 party (33.3% share) was for kid’s birthday party, then the estimated plastic wastes on all kid’s party in the country is;

Estimated plastic wastes on all kid’s party in the US
= 1.276 million tons * 33.3%
= 425,333 tons of plastic wastes on all kid’s parties

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Estimated amount of plastic used on any parties worldwide


We use the same methodology for the worldwide figure but using the total plastic wastes worldwide and the total global population.

Average total plastic wastes per person per day
= (( 335 million metric tonnes / 7.771 billion population) / 365 days) * 50%
=0.000059 metric tonnes per person per day (or about 0.000065 tons)

Estimated amount of plastic wastes generated from parties per household per year
= 0.000065 tons of plastic wastes * 20 participants * 3 parties
= 0.0039 tons

Estimated amount of plastic generated from parties from all households per year
= 0.0039 tons * (7.771 billion / 4.9 )
= 6.185 million tons of plastic wastes on all parties

Assuming that of the average 3 parties per household globally, 1 party (33.3% share) was for kid’s birthday party, then the estimated plastic wastes on all kid’s party worldwide is;

Estimated plastic wastes on all kid’s party worldwide
= 6.185 million tons * 33.3%
= 2.061 million tons of plastic wastes on all kid’s parties worldwide

Total wastes figures


In total, plastic wastes account for 40% of all landfill wastes globally.

Estimated total wastes globally
= (335 million metric tonnes * 1.10) / 40%
= 921.25 million tons


Estimated total wastes per party
= (0.000065 tons of plastic wastes * 20 participants) / 40%
= 0.00325 tons of wastes per party


According to study, about 400 kg CO2 is emitted per tonne of waste (about 0.44 tons CO2 per ton of waste).

Estimated carbon emission per party


= (0.00325 tons of wastes per party) * 0.44 tons of CO2
= 0.00143 tons CO2 emission per party


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The impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) to the tourism industry

May 05,2020 by Mhojhos Research, Art. 2

As a result of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the global business travel and tourism market is predicted to see a loss of USD 810.7 billion in revenue in 2020.

The coronavirus did not only put risks on public health, but it has also severely affected one of the linchpins of the global economy – the tourism industry.  While airlines are seeing an unprecedented drop in passengers, other branches of the tourism industry are facing similar setbacks, ranging from closures in the food and drink industry to decreasing guest numbers in the accommodation industry.

The below are quoted from Statista financial published report on April 9, 2020. 

“The financial repercussions of the coronavirus have already begun to manifest themselves within the tourism industry, and annual forecasts are painting a bleak picture. In 2020, global revenue from the travel and tourism industry is estimated to drop from a forecasted 711.94 billion U.S. dollars to 568.6 billion U.S. dollars, representing a decrease of over 20 percent. While this trend will likely be visible around the world, some regions are predicted to face more substantial blows than others. According to the latest estimates, Asia will see the highest overall drop in travel and tourism revenue in 2020, with China accounting for the lion’s share of lost revenue.

(Source: Statista)

As the point of origin of the novel coronavirus outbreak, the Asia-Pacific region was and continues to be severely affected by COVID-19 and its wide-ranging containment measures. Many of the region’s leading tourist destinations, such as Indonesia and Vietnam, saw a double-digit decrease in tourist arrivals at the beginning of the year. But it is not just the absence of incoming tourists that puts a strain on these regions, as outbound leisure and business travel plans are being similarly compromised. Between January 20 and February 9, 2020, flight bookings decreased by over 57 percent in China. As Chinese nationals have become the most frequent global travelers in the world, this high amount of travel cancellations is hitting the international tourism industry particularly hard.

The impact of COVID-19 can also be felt across Europe and the European travel industry. In Italy, one of Europe’s leading travel destinations, tourist arrivals are shrinking due to the country’s quick rise in confirmed coronavirus cases. According to the latest estimates, tourism expenditure will decrease across all major sectors in 2020, with catering and transport projected to see the highest expenditure declines. Depending on the duration of Italy’s current lockdown, the country might lose up to 7.7 billion euros in added tourism value this year. Other European countries are suffering the same fate within their respective travel and tourism industries. In Spain, for example, the coronavirus crisis has led to a large number of hotel cancellations over Easter, forcing many hotel chains to close their doors temporarily. In Paris, one of the most-visited cities worldwide, hotel occupancy rates have dropped from 84 percent in January 2020 to a mere 1.8 percent in March. As well as its impact on travel and hospitality, the global pandemic is also taking a heavy toll on the food service industry. In the United Kingdom, the government-imposed closure of all pubs and restaurants on March 21 has led to a 100 percent year-over-year change in seated restaurant diners, and as public restrictions are set to remain in place for the weeks to come, the food service industry is unlikely to recover anytime soon.

In the United States, the new epicenter of the pandemic, the negative ramifications of the coronavirus on the travel industry are also increasing by the day. Due to the recently imposed travel ban for European visitors, the country estimated a visitor loss of around 850,000 and a visitor spending loss of 3.4 billion U.S. dollars for the month of March alone. Depending on the percentage drop in occupancy, the hotel industry might lose up to 500 billion U.S. dollars in GDP contribution in 2020 and a loss of 6.5 million jobs in the hotel sector, respectively.”

ASIA PACIFIC

  • Region with the highest estimated drop in tourist arivals in 2020 : Indonesia
  • Decrease of outbound flight bookings from China between March 1 and April 30, 2020: 55.9%
  • Share of people from South Korea whose leisure travel plans were impacted by COVID-19 in 2020: 65%

ITALY

  • Estimated loss of tourism expenditure in the catering sector in 2020: US$17.4 billion
  • Estimated tourism revenue in the hotel sector in COVID-19 worst-case scenario: US$3.3 million
  • Region with the highest estimated decrease in tourist arrivals in 2020: Veneto

SPAIN AND FRANCE

  • Increase in hotel cancellations for Easter holidays in March 2020: 40%
  • Hotel occupancy rate in France as of March 17, 2020: 3.3%
  • Drop in hotel occupancy rate in Paris between January 17 and March 17, 2020: 82%

UK AND IRELAND

  • Year-over-year daily change in seated restaurant diners in the UK as of March 3, 2020: -82%
  • Year-over-year daily change in seated restaurant diners in Ireland as of March 17, 2020: -86%
  • Year-over-year percentage change in hotel occupancy rate in London in the week of March 1, 2020: -21%

UNITED STATES

  • Potential loss in hotel business sales in 2020: US$925 billion
  • Year-on-year flight booking changes of U.S. travelers to the Asia Pacific region between January 6 to March 8, 2020: -98.1%
  • Visitor spending loss due to the EU travel ban in March 2020: US$3.4 billion

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